World Jul 11, 9: An expanding bloc of NATO allies has taken on a broad range of missions since the close of the Cold War, many well beyond the European sphere, in countries such as Afghanistan and Libya. Inthe alliance faces a new set of challenges. The alliance has responded by reinforcing defenses in Europe, but political rifts between members, some opened by the United States, have thrown NATO unity into question.
They pledged to view any attack on a single NATO country as an attack on the entire alliance. When West Germany was admitted into NATO in and promised to re-arm, the Soviet Union—which by then had become a nuclear weapons state—and the Eastern European countries in its sphere of influence responded by creating their own collective security agreement, the Warsaw Pact.
Through the remaining decades of the Cold War, the two organizations geographically represented the tenuous balance of power or, considering the nuclear threat, the balance of terror by which Europe kept the peace.
Basically, if a country within one of these treaties was attacked, all member nations of that respective treaty would rise in its defense and declare war against the attacker. The USSR was gaining power at this time and was using its strong forces to capture satellite countries.
The USSR could use the pact as an excuse to keep Soviet troops in other Eastern European countries and keep a close eye on its satellite states. Interestingly enough, these collective security treaties were what gave rise to terms like "first-world", "second world", and "third world" when describing countries.
First world countries referred to NATO member nations, while second world countries referred to Warsaw Pact member nations. Third world countries, on the other hand, were not part of either treaty and thus often fell victim to proxy wars.
Both organizations were charged with similar goals, albeit being ideologically opposed, as both acted as deterrent against the other succesfully creating a balance of power during the Cold war, coupled with Nuclear deterrence this collective security organizations served their purpose by keeping the war "Cold" instead of it going "hot", while they never had a direct confrontation agains one another they engaged in various proxy wars around the world succesfully shaping the International System during the second half of the 20th century.
One of the most important aspects of both NATO and the Warsaw Pact was the standarization of military procedure and equipment on their respective areas of influence, NATO on one hand modelled made the Allies adopt standard equipment, procedure and terminology on Europe, modeled of course after US military apparatus which meant that if the need arised the whole European and US military could mobilize in uniformity and coordination.
The Warsaw pact on the other hand while not really standirizing the military as a coordination effort like NATO helped developing and modernizing the military apparatus of countries in the "Buffer Zone" as well as providing aid to other ideologically aligned governments, guerrillas, and movements around the world like the case of the Cuban Revolution were the rebels were armed and funded by the Warsaw pact or the case with "Las FARC" on Colombia were the guerrillas were trained, armed and funded by the Soviet Union.
Access hundreds of thousands of answers with a free trial.Cold War: Summary of the Cold War, the rivalry that developed after World War II between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies.
NATO is girding up for what some believe is a new Cold War with Russia, but President Trump’s criticism of longtime allies has unsettled the member bloc.
Founded in as a bulwark against. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Created in , an organization whose members include the United States, Canada, most Western European nations, and Turkey, all of whom agreed to combine military forces and to treat a war against one as a war against all; mutual defense; formed to protect Western Europe from the Soviet Union.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO / ˈ n eɪ t oʊ /; French: Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries. The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April NATO .
The United States and 11 other nations establish the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a mutual defense pact aimed at containing possible Soviet aggression against Western Europe.
Both NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and the Warsaw Pact were collective security treaties created during the Cold War. Basically, if a country within one of these treaties was.