December 13,pp. Entitled " Transgressing the Boundaries: Toward a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity ," it purported to be a scholarly article about the "postmodern" philosophical and political implications of twentieth century physical theories.
A new, radical form of skepticism emerged in the last half of the 20th century: This view questioned whether there can be any rational, objective framework for discussing intellectual problems, or whether instead the intellectual frameworks that people use are inherently determined by… Postmodernism and modern philosophy Postmodernism as a philosophical movement is largely a reaction against the philosophical assumptions and values of the modern period of Western specifically European history—i.
Indeed, many of the doctrines characteristically associated with postmodernism can fairly be described as the straightforward denial of general philosophical viewpoints that were taken for granted during the 18th-century Enlightenmentthough they were not unique to that period.
The most important of these viewpoints are the following. There is an objective natural reality, a reality whose existence and properties are logically independent of human beings—of their minds, their societies, their social practices, or their investigative techniques.
Postmodernists dismiss this idea as a kind of naive realism. Such reality as there is, according to postmodernists, is Post modernism conceptual construct, an artifact of scientific practice and language.
This point also applies to the investigation of past events by historians and to the description of social institutions, structures, or practices by social scientists. The descriptive and explanatory statements of scientists and historians can, in principle, be objectively true or false.
The postmodern denial of this viewpoint—which follows from the rejection of an objective natural reality—is sometimes expressed by saying that there is no such thing as Truth. Through the use of reason and logicand with the more specialized tools provided by science and technologyhuman beings are likely to change themselves and their societies for the better.
It is reasonable to expect that future societies will be more humane, more just, more enlightenedand more prosperous than they are now. Postmodernists deny this Enlightenment faith in science and technology as instruments of human progress.
Indeed, many postmodernists hold that the misguided or unguided pursuit of scientific and technological knowledge led to the development of technologies for killing on a massive scale in World War II. Some go so far as to say that science and technology—and even reason and logic—are inherently destructive and oppressive, because they have been used by evil people, especially during the 20th century, to destroy and oppress others.
Reason and logic are universally valid—i. For postmodernists, reason and logic too are merely conceptual constructs and are therefore valid only within the established intellectual traditions in which they are used. There is such a thing as human nature; it consists of faculties, aptitudes, or dispositions that are in some sense present in human beings at birth rather than learned or instilled through social forces.
Postmodernists insist that all, or nearly all, aspects of human psychology are completely socially determined. Language refers to and represents a reality outside itself. Inspired by the work of the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussurepostmodernists claim that language is semantically self-contained, or self-referential: The postmodern view of language and discourse is due largely to the French philosopher and literary theorist Jacques Derrida —the originator and leading practitioner of deconstruction.
Human beings can acquire knowledge about natural reality, and this knowledge can be justified ultimately on the basis of evidence or principles that are, or can be, known immediately, intuitively, or otherwise with certainty.Clicking on the image above takes you to our t-shirts, sweatshirts, mugs, tote bags, notebooks, calendars, and more with this design.
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Now in paperback, Fredric Jameson’s most wide-ranging work seeks to crystalize a definition of ”postmodernism”. Jameson’s inquiry looks at the postmodern across a . Postmodernism presents a threat not only to liberal democracy but to modernity itself.
That may sound like a bold or even hyperbolic claim, but the reality is that the cluster of ideas and values at the root of postmodernism have broken the bounds of academia and gained great cultural power in western society. The irrational. The What is religion? page of this site gives a very brief outline of postmodernity.
This page will provide you with a little bit more detail. Remember, the OCR specification requires that you consider the challenge that postmodernity presented to Christianity and also the ways in which Smart and Cupitt respond to that challenge. Metaphysical. Derived from the Greek meta ta physika ("after the things of nature"); referring to an idea, doctrine, or posited reality outside of human sense perception.
In modern philosophical. That postmodernism is indefinable is a truism. However, it can be described as a set of critical, strategic and rhetorical practices employing concepts such as difference, repetition, the trace, the simulacrum, and hyperreality to destabilize other concepts such as presence, identity, historical progress, epistemic certainty, and the univocity of meaning.